The Medieval and Early Modern History section displays historical and cultural items from the Goryeo Dynasty(918-1392), Joseon Dynasty(1392-1897), and Korean Empire (1897-1910), tracing the events, conflicts, and achievements that marked the three most significant periods of Korea's national development.

Exhibition Scale 4,401.59㎡


  • Sixteenth Century: Rise of Neo-Confucian Literati (Sarim) and Confucianization of Society
  • The “Sarim” (士林) were a group of literati scholars who strictly interpreted and emphasized Neo-Confucianism. In the early years of the Joseon Dynasty, the ruling powers had prevented this group from entering politics. By the late fifteenth century, however, members of the Sarim began to enter the central government, leading to the group’s re-emergence in the sixteenth century, when they implemented many social changes. As their political activities increased, the Sarim split into different factions depending on their scholarly and political views, leading to wider and more detailed discourse.

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