This jar with two lugs, which was excavated from Bokcheon-dong Tomb N54 in Busan, is a typical example of early Gaya pottery. Gaya ceramic production is characterized by three procedural details: the use of a fast potter’s wheel to form the vessel; the “paddle and anvil” technique to finish the surface of the vessel; and a closed kiln for firing. Bluish-grey stoneware can be obtained by firing ceramic vessels in a closed kiln at temperatures of 1,000 to 1,200 degrees Celsius. Two of the most common forms of early Gaya pottery are the jar with two lugs and the mounted dish, both of which have been found primarily in the territory of Geumgwan Gaya, around the present-day city of Gimhae in South Gyeongsang Province.
Jar with Two Lugs