The Calligraphy and Painting section displays masterful examples of Korean traditional painting, Buddhist painting, and calligraphy, allowing visitors to appreciate the subtle
yet striking confluence of line and color that is inherent to Korean calligraphy and
During the Joseon Dynasty, most Korean houses included a room called a “sarangbang,” akin to a study or library, which was typically for men’s use only. The room was used by patriarchs for solitary study, to receive male visitors, and to host small social events. Noblemen and Confucian scholars were fanatically devoted to their studies, but they also believed that they could maximize their reason and sensitivity by unifying their study with artistic pursuits, such as poetry, calligraphy, and painting.
As the setting for scholarly and artistic activities, the sarangbang was decorated to reflect the owner’s taste. Since Confucian standards privileged dignity, discernment, humility, and honest poverty, many selected their furniture and household appliances to be simple and classical. This section comprises paintings, calligraphy, and stationery goods associated with Confucian scholars of the Joseon Dynasty, as well as daily objects that would have been used in the sarangbang. Plus, a full-sized replica of a typical sarangbang provides a glimpse of the daily life of a nobleman during the Joseon Dynasty.