The Medieval and Early Modern History section displays historical and cultural items
from the Goryeo (918-1392) and Joseon (1392-1897) periods, tracing the events,
conflicts, and achievements that marked the two most significant periods of Korea’s
Struggle and Spirit
From the 10th to the 12th century, with global shipping and trade routes extending further and further,
More internal conflicts ensued until the Choi family took unilateral control of the military government in 1196. Under the strong hand of the Choi family, the domestic issues finally settled down, but a foreign threat emerged in the 13th century in the form of the Mongols, who had recently dominated virtually the entire Chinese continent. The Choi government moved the capital city to relative safety on
Whether at war or in peace, the Goryeo people were faithful practitioners of Buddhism who used various Buddhist rituals to pray for their individual wishes. But the spiritual world of Goryeo included not only Buddhism, but also Confucianism, Taoism, folk religions, geomancy, and many other systems of belief in harmonious co-existence.