Current Exhibitions

Overview The Prehistory and Ancient History section displays artifacts that represent some of the
earliest evidence of Korean civilization and culture, from stone tools of the Paleolithic
age to gold jewelry of the Silla Kingdom to stone monoliths of the Balhae era, with each
room documenting those aspects which uniquely defined each of Korea’s different
periods of ancient history.

Exhibition Scale 3,234.00㎡

Baekje Kingdom Exhibition Room Preview(VR)


  • Baekje was a state that originated from Baekje country which had been established on the Hangang basin by Buyeo settlers gradually integrated Mahan regions. After that, as the state moved its capital to Ungjin (Gongju at present), and Sabi (Buyeo at present). It flourished a unique culture.
  • Hanseon period (18 BC – 475 AD) is marked by establishing the foundation of Baekje culture, which is open and international. The characteristics are re-confirmed with dwelling sites such as Seokchon-dong Tomb, Monchontoseong (castle) and Pungnaptoseong (castle), etc. The Ungjin Period (475-538) is the time when the state actively embraced the advanced Chinese civilization and developed into a cultural power. It can be conjectured by the Royal Tomb of King Muryeong and the excavated artifacts that indicate the relationship with the Southern Dynasty of China. Sabi Period (538-660) reached the summit of Baekje culture when original plastic arts and sophisticated handicraft technology were fully developed. This is the time when Baekje Incense Burner, the very epitome of spiritual world and artistic abilities of Baekje people was made.
  • On the other hand, Baekje culture was transmitted to ancient Japan from the early years and exerted an influence on the formation of Ancient Asuka Period in Japan.